The good news about regular physical activity is that everyone can benefit from it. Additionally, physical activity does not need to be hard or challenging. Participating in moderate-intensity physical activity is an important part of a healthy lifestyle for people of all ages and wide range of abilities.Current physical activity recommendations for adults include both cardio or aerobic activities and resistance, strength-building, and weight-bearing activities.
Cardio or aerobic activities. Achieve the aerobic activity recommendation through one of the following options:
A minimum of 30 minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity per day (such as brisk walking) most days of the week
A minimum of 20 minutes of vigorous-intensity physical activity (such as jogging or running) 3 days a week
Resistance, strength-building, and weight-bearing activities. Two days a week, incorporate strength training into your routine. Strength training activities, such as weight lifting, maintain and increase muscle strength and endurance. A goal to reach towards is completing 6-8 strength training exercises, with 8–12 repetitions per exercise.
During moderate-intensity activities you should notice an increase in your heart rate, but you should still be able to talk comfortably. If you are breathing hard and fast and your heart rate is increased substantially, you are probably doing vigorous-intensity activity. Many activities (such as bicycling or swimming) can be either moderate- or vigorous-intensity depending on your level of effort. See the measuring intensity section for more information. More examples of moderate-intensity activity are provided below.
• Dancing, general (Greek, Hula, Flamenco, Middle Eastern and Swing)
• Riding a stationary bike
• Actively playing with children
• Taking Jazzercise
• Scrubbing the floor
• Mowing lawn, general
• Frisbee playing, general
• Playing golf, walking the course
• Shoveling light snow
• Downhill skiing with light effort
• Raking leaves
• Hand washing/waxing a car
• Playing basketball, shooting hoops
• Walking, brisk pace (mall/around a track/treadmill)
• Doing water aerobics
• Jogging/walking combination (In a 30-minute period, you should be jogging for less than 10 minutes.)
You can reach your goal of at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity most days of the week in more than one way: you can do one type of activity for at least 30 minutes, or you can break down your minimum of 30 minutes of physical activity into smaller, 10- to 15-minute segments.3
Think of it as the 3-2-1 plan!
3 – Complete three activities for 10 consecutive minutes at a moderately intense rate
2 – Complete two activities for 15 consecutive minutes at a moderately intense rate
1 – Complete one activity for 30 consecutive minutes at a moderately intense rate
Follow the 3-2-1 and stick with it!
Most people can get greater health benefits by increasing the intensity or the amount of time that they are physically active. Incorporating up to 60 minutes of moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity may also help you manage your weight or help you prevent weight gain, whatever your goal may be.
Examples of vigorous-intensity activities include:
Experts advise that people with chronic diseases, such as a heart condition, arthritis, diabetes, or high blood pressure, should talk to their doctor about what types and amounts of physical activity are appropriate. For more, see When is a medical evaluation necessary?
Are there special recommendations for young people?
Are there special recommendations for older adults?